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Taurine is a non-essential amino acid (it is synthesized in the human body from the amino acids cysteine ​​and methionine, in the presence of B6, but the largest amount is brought from the food source) which is found in high concentrations in the eyes, brain, liver, skeletal muscles. It is a water-soluble amino acid, the body assimilating only the amount it needs. It is the second free amino acid in the human body, its concentration being exceeded only by that of glutamine, a 70 kg adult having 70 g of taurine in the body. The name comes from the Latin word Taurus, because it was extracted for the first time, in 1827, from the ball of the bull, by Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin.

Taurine is an amino acid that contains a sulfur molecule, having an antioxidant role. It supports the balance of minerals in the cell and in the intercellular space, also regulating the concentration of water in the cell. It has a neurotrophic role, maintaining heart health and regulating osmotic processes.

Cardiovascular protection: taurine administration supports optimal cardiac function, due to the ability to regulate the concentration of essential minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, in myocardial cells. The specialized literature states that maintaining an optimal level in the blood protects against ischemic attacks, maintains the health of the heart, helping in particular to maintain the function of the left ventricle in cardiomyopathy.
Protection of the nervous system: through its antioxidant role, taurine protects neurons from the toxic effect of glutamate, induces a state of calm and relaxation (it is a precursor to GABA), protects the retina and peripheral nerves from conditions induced by excess blood sugar. Early studies seem to indicate taurine as a potential adjuvant in seizures specific to epilepsy or induced by certain drugs and medications. In degenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's, it delays the oxidation of the beta-amyloid protein and its deposition in the brain tissue.
Hepatic protection: the administration of 2 grams of taurine, three times a day, for three months, in the case of a group of 24 patients with chronic hepatitis, showed a reduction in the markers of liver degradation, a decrease in the level of oxidative stress, such as and reducing high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The specialized literature recommends the administration of taurine in non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis (fatty liver).
Other directions: taurine deficiency has been associated with metabolic problems such as obesity and diabetes. Several studies are underway to verify the beneficial effects of taurine administration in metabolic disorders.

For a long time, taurine was associated with the idea of ​​an energy drink and it was believed to have the role of increasing energy and suppressing the feeling of fatigue. In reality, taurine is added to suppress the harmful effects of caffeine in this type of drinks, the feeling of excitement and energy being given by the very high doses of sugar and caffeine that this type of drinks contain.



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