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Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

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Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is one of the 8 vitamins of the B complex, essential for good health. Vitamin B2 is involved in a large number of metabolic processes, and the roles it plays in the body are varied, including the potential to function in the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

 

What is riboflavin?


Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin that was discovered in 1879, when it was described as a yellow pigment present in milk . Riboflavin is found naturally in animal and vegetable products and is also available in the form of food supplements.


Riboflavin is the precursor of some enzymes: flavinic mononucleotide (FAD) and flavinic dinucleotide (FMN), which are involved in vital oxidation reactions for mammalian cells .


Although considered rare on the globe, vitamin B2 deficiency is endemic in some areas of the world. Recent research demonstrates that the metabolic roles of riboflavin are varied, which has brought vitamin B2 back into the interest of scientists.


 

What is the role of riboflavin (vitamin B2) in the body


Riboflavin is involved in an important number of metabolic processes in the human body:
  • It contributes to the decomposition and metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, having an essential role in energy production;
  • It helps to metabolize carbohydrates into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), vital for storing energy inside the muscle fiber;
  • Maintains the health of the digestive mucosa;
  • It is involved in the transformation of tryptophan into niacin, an essential amino acid;
  • Contributes to maintaining the health of the eyes, muscles, skin and nervous system;
  • It contributes to the absorption and use of other vitamins and minerals: iron, folic acid, vitamins B1, B3 and B6;
  • It participates in the hormonal syntheses initiated by the adrenal glands;
  • It could be involved in the prevention of cataracts and migraines.

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